Kidney Support : Herbal nourishment for the dogs kidneys. The kidneys of dogs and cats play a large role in Traditional Chinese Medicine scheme of body and mind. They store and generate the vital life force, (Qi) of the body and mind. They also control reproduction, fertility, and govern strong bones and marrow. Japanese studies using this formula base demonstrate benefits for elderly animals and also improved kidney function; author of one study states ”blood pressure reduction was associated with a decrease in cardiac mass and in thickness of the aortic wall. Urinary excretion of prostaglandin E2 was increased and glomerular filtration rate was improved with this treatment. Glomerulosclerosis and arterial injury in the kidney were morphologically improved. The data suggests that Hachimi-jio-gan, (Rehmania Eight) extract exhibits an anti-hypertensive effect, which is associated with partial resolution of renal injury in salt-induced hypertension.” Combined with Asian ginseng, it synergistically prevents protein metabolism, thereby slowing the aging process, reducing wrinkling and joint damage while protecting against tumors. Buchu acts as a urinary tract antiseptic inhibiting the growth of bacteria Ingredients Prepared rehmannia root, cornus fruit, dioscorea root, poria sclerotium, moutan bark, alisma rhizome, aconite root, cinnamon bark, Siberian ginseng root, foti root, fennel seed, buchu leaf, stevia leaf. Origin Based on Eight Ingredient Pill with Rehmannia, Ba Wei Di Huang (1827 A.D.), Rehmannia Eight Combination. Application: Small cats & dogs: 1/2-1 small spoonful mixed in with food. Medium dogs: 1-2 small spoonfuls mixed in with food. Large dogs: 2-3 small spoonfuls mixed in with food. Caution This formula should not be used if the animal is experiencing "heat" symptoms, i.e., red tongue, seeking cool places, fever, etc. *This statement has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.